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FAQs

What is the difference between Breedon Golden Amber Gravel and Wayfarer?

Breedon Golden Amber Gravel is more robust, it is a 12mm to dust graded limestone and Wayfarer is a 6mm to dust graded limestone. Wayfarer is perfectly suitable for footpaths, canal towpaths, cycleways and bridleways but is not for vehicular use. Please note that Breedon self binding gravel is not free draining and therefore require a cross fall or camber to shed water from its surface into adequate drainage.

How much does 1 tonne cover?

One tonne will cover approximately 10sqm laid at our recommended finished compacted thickness of 35mm-40mm.

What is the density of Wayfarer?

2.2 tonnes per compacted cubic metre.   1.69 tonnes per loose cubic metre.

What depth should I lay Wayfarer?

Wayfarer must be laid to a finished compacted thickness of 35mm-40mm as per our laying instructions. If material is laid any thicker or indeed any thinner than this, then fullest compaction will not be achieved and the fines will not float to the surface when water rolled.

Is Wayfarer suitable for wheelchair use?

Yes.   When Wayfarer is installed in accordance with our laying instructions, it provides a solid bound base which does not separate or segregate with wheelchair use.   The surface does lightly scarify with use leaving a light dressing of dust/grit on the surface, please note that this may pick up on shoes or wheels so it would be advisable for a hard paved area prior to entering a building to reduce the migration of dust.

Can I use a membrane directly under the Wayfarer?

No. Wayfarer must be laid directly onto the Type 1 sub-base. A membrane or terram may be used underneath the quarried MOT Type 1 if required.

Can I lay Wayfarer in conjunction with a Cellweb system?

No. Cellweb has a cellular structure designed for use with clean granular material as infill to allow air and moisture to reach the sub-base or roots underneath and the cellular structure also holds loose gravel or shingle in place to reduce migration and spreading of the material. Wayfarer has to be installed in accordance with our laying instructions to allow the material to knit together to give it the binding and strength and the plastic grid will not allow Wayfarer to do this.
 

Can I lay Wayfarer on top of existing concrete or asphalt?

No. Wayfarerl must be laid directly onto an MOT Type 1 sub-base, any existing concrete or asphalt must be broken up and removed. MOT Type 1 sub-base provides a solid sub-structure for the Wayfarer and also has voids which the gravel fills, grips and binds on to. Although Wayfarer is not free-draining and must be laid to falls in order to shed water, throughout spells of prolonged rainfall, some rainwater may ingress through the product and the MOT Type 1 sub-base underneath will allow that water to continue to drain away. Concrete or asphalt would not facilitate this and water would be held in or below the layer of Wayfarer causing it to soften and pot hole.

Do I need to use edgings?

Edgings are optional however if used it is vital they do not stand proud of the Wayfarer as surface water must be allowed to drain away. Ideally the footpath should be built up with sub-base and Wayfarer to be laid on the top to a camber and feathered off at the edges.

Can I lay Wayfarer in the rain?

Laying Wayfarer in the rain can actually prove beneficial as it helps the water rolling process, provided the rain is not so intense that it could wash away the fines content!

Can I lay Wayfarer on a slope?

Breedon self binding gravels are not recommended to be laid on slopes steeper than a 1 in 15 gradient, this is because the action of storm water flowing across the surface can cause damage to the material and the can result in the occurrence of pot holes and ruts. Where you have a slope steeper than 1 in 15 the installation of steps at irregular intervals will reduce the risk of ruts occurring and damage to the finished surface.

What is the minimum/maximum gradient to shed surface water?

An adequate gradient for a small area such as a footpath would be 1 in 55 to 1 in 60 to allow water to shed from the surface. For larger surface areas, a 1 in 40 fall would be preferable.

What equipment would I need to lay it?

A flat boarded rake to initially spread the material. For footpaths a minimum of 1 tonne sit-on water roller, for larger areas, a 1.5 tonne sit-on water roller.   Access to additional water either by hose pipe or a water bowser.   A soft broom to finish.

How much water do I need?

Approximately 5 gallons per tonne is required. In hot, dry spells more water may be required and in winter slightly less. Please be aware the water which is dispelled from a vibrating roller will be inadequate and additional water will be necessary via a hosepipe.

Can I use a wacker plate instead of a roller?

Yes, but this requires more time and attention. A wacker plate can be used to compact the Wayfarer if access will not allow a pedestrian roller into the area, however as the wacker plate does not carry the weight of a roller, the area must be compacted over and over with many passes of the plate in order to achieve the best compaction possible.    It may be beneficial to reduce the finished compacted depth from 40mm down to 35mm to assist achieving fullest compaction.   Once the surface is fully compacted and the plate leaves no lines on the surface, then water must be carefully applied to the area using a hosepipe with a fine nozzle spray which should be directed up into the air to give an even spread of water without washing out any of the fines. It is important to apply sufficient water to pull up the fines (or fats) of the gravel, but not too wet that the plate causes a sludge on the surface. If the plate is pulling up the surface, then it is too dry and more water is required. 

How long does it take to go off?

The time taken for the surface of the Wayfarer to set is dependent on the weather conditions at the time of laying, this can vary from between 1 week in the height of summer to two weeks plus in the wet colder winter months. Wayfarer should be treated with respect in the first 3 months whilst gaining strength. After that, the more the area is used the better it will perform.

Will the material pick up on my shoes?

Wayfarer is a natural material and will pick up on shoes, especially when the material is wet. The dusting effect will lessen with time once the material has been weathered.

Does Wayfarer come in any other colour?

No. Our material is a beautiful natural golden buff colour which lends itself to natural historical and modern day surroundings.

Can vehicles use the area?

No. Wayfarer is perfectly suitable for footpaths, bridleways, cycleways and canal towpaths but is not suitable for driveways or car parks.

What do I do if potholes occur?

If a pot hole occurs it must be repaired as soon as possible otherwise rainwater will lie in the hole and ingress into the Wayfarer making the pot hole larger. To repair, cut out square of material around the pot hole down to the sub base – water the sub base if it is dry and then lay in new material, roll and compact and then water roll up to existing level.

 





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